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Ford F-150 3.5L Ecoboost V6 Engine Specs & Performance Information

Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost Engine Specs and Performance

Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine Specs & Performance Information

At the turn of 2010, stricter fuel economy and emissions standards in pickup trucks began to take effect. Traditional, naturally-aspirated V8 engines began to struggle to meet these emissions and fuel economy standards, while also offering limited performance figures. In response to these standards, Ford created the innovative EcoBoost engine platform that provided lower emissions, better fuel economy, and even greater capabilities. The 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Turbocharged engine was introduced to the Ford F-150 pickup truck in 2011 offering an impressive 365 horsepower and 420 lb.-ft of torque and it hasn’t left the F-150 lineup since. In fact, they are one of Ford’s best selling powertrains and are used in a number of other vehicle applications like the Ford Expedition and the Ford Explorer. They’ve also continued to improve the Ford F-150’s 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine Performance Specs, Fuel Economy, and Tow Ratings since then.

Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost Engine Specs
3.5L EcoBoost Engine. Picture Taken from the Ford Media Website.

Since the 3.5L EcoBoost’s introduction into the Ford F-150 pickup truck, it has been modified to provide higher performance figures, and today, there is even a Hybrid variation of this engine, coined the 3.5L PowerBoost Hybrid V6 Engine. There are also “High-Output” 3.5L EcoBoost engines that are used in 2019 F-150 Limited models and the Ford Raptor. In this post, we’ll cover the various variations of the 3.5L EcoBoost Engine, along with this engine’s design characteristics, performance specs, and even fuel economy too.

Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost Performance

In a time when Big V-8 Engines were all the rage, the V6 EcoBoost Engine rattled the pickup truck industry. 2011 Ford F-150 pickup trucks with the 3.5L EcoBoost engine provided the best tow capacity, payload, and second highest torque amongst F-150 Powertrains. They actually provided better than tow capacity than every V-8 Half-ton pickup out there as well! In our next sections, we’ll go over how the EcoBoost engine was able to accomplish these feats.

2020 Ford Raptor 3.5L EcoBoost
Ford Raptor with the 3.5L V6 EcoBoost Engine. Picture taken from Ford Media.

Engine Design And Characteristics

The 3.5L EcoBoost Engine utilizes a smaller V-6 configuration and a Dual Overhead Camshaft or DOHC design. Twin Independent Variable Cam Timing, otherwise known as Ti-VCT, allows greater control over the camshafts, resulting in improved fuel efficiency and power.

Other key contributors to the 3.5L EcoBoost’s performance include twin turbochargers and direct fuel injection. This combination creates superior low-end torque that is maintained across a huge rpm range, similar to a Diesel engine. Peak torque is reached at 2,500 rpm, however, up to 90% of peak torque is available at only 1,700 rpm. This diesel-like performance also comes at a cheaper price, as 3.5L EcoBoost maintenance and operation is relatively inexpensive compared to diesel engines. This helps make the 3.5L EcoBoost the premier gasoline powertrain for towing. In fact, even today in 2022, the 3.5L EcoBoost engine continues to be the tow capacity leader amongst F-150 Powertrains.

Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Performance Specs

When the 3.5L V6 EcoBoost entered the F-150 lineup, it was originally mated to the 6-speed 6R80 automatic transmission. In 2017, it was paired with an advanced 10-speed automatic transmission, known as the 10R80. 3.5L PowerBoost Hybrid engines, Ford’s latest hybrid variation of the 3.5L EcoBoost, utilizes the 10R80 with an additional 35-kilowatt (47-horsepower) electric motor integrated into the transmission.

10-Speed Automatic Ford F-150 Transmission

3.5l EcoBoost Engine Specs

Engine Years2011-2022
Generations
1st Generation
2nd Generation
PowerBoost Hybrid
See Below
2011-2016
2017-2022
2021+
ApplicationsFord F-150 & Ford Raptor
Configuration60-Degree V6 DOHC
Displacement3.5 Liters (213 cubic inches)
Cylinder Bore3.64″
Cylinder Stroke3.41″
Compression Ratio
2011-2016 Standard Output
2017-2022 Standard Output
2017-2022 High Output
See Below
10.0:1
10.5:1
10.0:1
Firing Order1-4-2-5-3-6
Engine Block MaterialAluminum
Cylinder Head MaterialAluminum
Valvetrain
2011-2016
2017+
See Below
Direct acting mechanical bucket
Roller Finger Follow
Ignition SystemCoil on Plug
Fuel System
2011-2016
2017+
See Below
High Pressure Direct Fuel Injection
Twin-Port and Direct Fuel Injection
Air Delivery/AspirationTwin turbocharged and intercooled. Electronic wastegates were added in 2017+ models
Horsepower (Standard Output)
2011-2016
2017-2020
2021+
See Below
365 Horsepower @ 5,000 rpm
375 Horsepower @ 5,000 rpm
400 Horsepower @ 6,000 rpm
Horsepower (High Output)
2017-2022 Raptor
2019-2020 Limited
450 Horsepower @ 5,000 rpm
Torque
2011-2016
2017-2020
2021+
See Below
420 lb.-ft @ 2,500 rpm
470 lb.-ft @ 2,500 rpm
500 lb.-ft @ 3,100 rpm
Torque (High Output)
2017-2022 Raptor
2019-2020 Limited
510 lb.-ft @ 3,500 rpm
Recommended Fuel
Standard Output Engines
High-Output Engines
See Below
Regular Unleaded
Premium Unleaded
Engine Oil Capacity6 Quarts (5.7 Liters)
Engine Oil Type/Recommended Engine OilMotorcraft SAE 5w-30 Synthetic Blend XO-5W30-Q1SP
Recommended Engine Oil FilterMotorcraft FL-500-S

Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine Generations

Generation 1 (2011-2016)

The first generation 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine was introduced in Ford F-150 trucks in 2011. It became an instant success due to its astounding performance and fuel economy. Despite being a smaller engine, the 3.5L EcoBoost V6 engine outperformed most V-8 engines used in both the F-150 and competitors trucks in the same time period. It also really shined when towing, offering owners diesel-like performance. Two major contributors to the EcoBoost’s performance include a set of BorgWarner K03 turbochargers and direct fuel injection.

As with any initial powertrain offering, the First Generation 3.5L EcoBoost had to have some kinks worked out. Despite this, they’re still favorable powertrains amongst Ford F-150 owners. Visit our 3.5L EcoBoost Problems post for the most common issues found on these trucks.

1st Generation 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine
3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine

Other key features of the first generation 3.5L EcoBoost V6 engines include:

  • Cast Exhaust Manifolds for maximum durability
  • Paired with the 6-Speed 6R80 Automatic Transmission
  • DAMB (Direct-Acting Mechanical Bucket valve train with polished buckets
  • High-Pressure direct fuel injection fed by a common rail
  • Pistons with optimized bowls to improve efficiency during combustion
  • Twin-independent variable camshaft timing (Ti-VCT)
  • Improved manifold & Cylinder Heads

1st Generation Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Performance Attributes

Years2011-2016
Transmission6R80 6-Speed Automatic Transmission
Horsepower365 Horsepower @ 5,000 Rpm
Torque420 lb.-ft @ 2,500 Rpm
Max Tow Capacity
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
See Below
11,300 lbs
11,300 lbs
11,300 lbs
11,300 lbs
12,200 lbs
12,200 lbs
Max Payload
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
See Below
3,060 lbs
3,100 lbs
3,100 lbs
3,100 lbs
3,270 lbs
3,240 lbs
Fuel Economy (City, Highway, Combined)
2011-2014
2015-2016
See Below
16 Mpg, 22 Mpg, 18 Mpg
17 Mpg, 24 Mpg, 20 Mpg
1st Generation Ford F-150 with the 3.5L EcoBoost Engine

Generation 2 (2017-2021)

The second generation 3.5L EcoBoost engine was introduced in 2017. In addition to a revamped motor, these trucks also gained a new 10-speed automatic transmission, known as the 10R80. 2017 Ford F-150 with the second generation 3.5L EcoBoost engine gained 10 more horsepower and 50 lb.-ft more torque than 2016 First generation engines. Fuel economy also improved 1 MPG on 4×2 models, and 2 MPG on 4×4 Models.

2nd Generation Ford Raptor with the 2nd Generation 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine
2nd Generation 2020 Ford Raptor equipped with the High-Output 3.5L EcoBoost Engine. Photo taken from Ford Media.

While the numbers show the improved performance, 2017 EcoBoost owners also received other benefits that are not quite as obvious on paper. Acceleration, Reliability, and overall driving experience were all improved. The second generation also has better low-end and peak performance, resulting in better towing performance.

Key 2nd Generation 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine Changes

2nd Generation 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine Infographic
Infographic taken from the Ford Media Website.
Twin-Port and Direct Injection Fuel System

An important contributor to better performance and reliability on the 2nd Generation 3.5L EcoBoost engine is a re-designed fuel system. A new twin-port and direct injection fuel system was introduced. In this type of fuel system, two injectors are used per cylinder. One injector Is located on the intake port where air is introduced to the cylinder, and the other is positioned within the cylinder. These two injectors work together and ultimately result in greater efficiency, lower emissions, and more power. It also aids in reliability by reducing carbon build-up.

Updated Twin-Turbocharger System

Another significant contributor to the second generation 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engines updated performance specs include a new BorgWarner turbocharger system. The updated design provides greater boost. In addition, a new, lighter turbine wheel is used that is made of high-temperature, super ally Mar-M-247. This turbine wheel upgrade increased responsiveness. An electronic waste gate was also added to the new turbocharger setup.

Weight Reduction & Durability Improvements

Ford’s newer aluminum body panels aren’t the only way they tried to reduce weight to improve performance. The 2nd Gen 3.5L EcoBoost engine features a variety of lighter, but more durable components. Hollow camshafts are used in the newly designed roller-finger valvetrain that remove as much as four pounds of weight. The Valvetrain was also updated with the addition of more durable intake and exhaust valves. Hydraulic valve-lash adjusters were also introduced that optimize engine durability throughout the trucks lifetime.

The 3.5L EcoBoost’s lower end was also improved. An upgraded crankshaft, bearing system, and more stout connecting rod undercuts provide greater durability to support all that new power. A Dual-Chain cam drive was also added providing greater simplicity and simultaneously reducing NVH (Noise, Vibration, and Harshness) of the engine.

Auto Start-Stop

2nd Generation Versions of this engine also benefit from lower CO2 emissions and sometimes better fuel economy thanks to a new Auto Start-Stop standard feature. Idle times are decreased because the engine is shut off when the vehicle is at a stop during normal driving operation. This feature is disabled when towing or in 4WD.

New High-Output Engine

In addition to the introduction of the new 3.5L Ecoboost engine in 2017, Ford also unveiled the 2017 Ford Raptor. It boasted significantly better performance characteristics including more horsepower/torque and fuel economy. This was in large part to a modified 2nd Generation 3.5L EcoBoost that was coined the “high-output” model. 2017+ Ford Raptors come standard with the 2nd Generation 3.5L EcoBoost High-Output engine that produces 450 horsepower and 510 lb.-ft of torque.

Later, 2019 Ford F-150 Limited models were also given the high-output 3.5L Ecoboost engine providing greater performance specs for luxury truck customers.

2nd Generation Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Performance Attributes

Years2017+
Transmission10R80 10-Speed Automatic Transmission
Horsepower
Standard Output 2017-2020
Standard Output 2021-2022
High Output (2017 + Raptor & 2019-2020 Limited)
See Below
375 Horsepower @ 5,000 rpm
400 Horsepower @ 6,000 rpm
450 Horsepower @ 5,000 rpm
Torque
Standard Output 2017-2020
Standard Output 2021-2022
High Output (Raptor + 2019-2020 Limited)
See Below
470 lb.-ft @ 2,500 rpm
500 lb.-ft @ 3,100 rpm
510 lb.-ft @ 3,500 rpm
Max Tow Capacity (Standard F-150s only)
2017
2018
2019
2019 High-Output (Limited Models)
2020
2020 High-Output (Limited Models)
2021
2022
See Below
12,200 lbs
13,200 lbs
13,200 lbs
11,100 lbs
13,200 lbs
11,100 lbs
14,000 lbs
14,000 lbs
Max Payload (Standard F-150s only)
2017
2018
2019
2019 High-Output (Limited Models)
2020
2020 High-Output (Limited Models)
2021
2022
See Below
3,220 lbs
3,230 lbs
3,230 lbs
1,520 lbs
3,230 lbs
1,520 lbs
3,250 lbs
3,250 lbs
Fuel Economy (City, Highway, Combined)
2017-2019
2020
2021-2022
See Below
18 Mpg, 25 Mpg, 21 Mpg
17 Mpg, 23 Mpg, 19 Mpg
18 Mpg, 24 Mpg, 20 Mpg
** FOR FORD RAPTOR Towing and fuel economy specs, visit our Ford Raptor Guide.

3.5L PowerBoost Hybrid (A Hybrid 3.5L EcoBoost Engine)

In 2021, Ford released the 2021 Ford F-150 equipped with a new 3.5L PowerBoost Hybrid Engine. Essentially, it is a 3.5L EcoBoost engine with an added 35-kilowatt, or 47 horsepower, electric motor integrated into a 10-speed transmission. This engine produces a whopping 430 horsepower and 570 lb.-ft of torque. This is the highest torque offered in an F-150 yet, and it translates into more pulling power. 2021 Ford F-150 trucks with the 3.5L PowerBoost engine can tow up to 12,700 pounds when equipped with the max trailering package. Fuel Economy is also very impressive, offering almost similar fuel economy to the 3.0L Powerstroke Diesel engine available in the 2021 Ford F-150 too.

Graphic taken from the Ford Media Website.

3.5L PowerBoost Specs

Years2021+
Transmission10-Speed Modular Hybrid Transmission
Horsepower430 Horsepower @ 6,000 rpm
Torque570 lb.-ft @ 3,000 Rpm
Max Tow Capacity
2021
2022
See Below
12,700 lbs
12,700 lbs
Max Payload
2021
2022
See Below
2,120 lbs
2,120 lbs
Fuel Economy (City, Highway, Combined) *
2021
2022
See Below
25 Mpg, 26 Mpg, 25 Mpg
25 Mpg, 25 Mpg, 25 Mpg
* BEST FUEL ECONOMY ACROSS MODELS, DRIVETRAIN AVAILABLE FOR THE YEAR. FOR MORE ACCURATE AND SPECIFIC FUEL ECONOMY ESTIMATES VISIT FUELECONOMY.GOV OR VIEW OUR TRUCK FUEL ECONOMY GUIDES.


3.5L PowerBoost Emblem on 2021 Ford F-150 Driver's Side Door Panel
2021 Ford F-150 Door Panel with the PowerBoost Emblem. Photo Taken From Ford Media Website.

Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Major Model Year Milestones

2011

Ford F-150 is introduced with the 1st Generation 3.5L EcoBoost V6 engine offering impressive performance specs, fuel economy, and tow ratings.

2015 Ford F-150 Frame and Body

2015

In 2015, Ford F-150 trucks received a new body-style made from high-strength, military-grade aluminum alloy to reduce weight. These trucks also contain an improve fully boxed ladder frame that uses more high-strength steel than previously. All together up to 700 lbs of weight was removed, giving the 2015 Ford F-150 trucks with the 3.5L EcoBoost engine greater towing and payload specs, while simultaneously helping acceleration, fuel economy, and stopping times.

2017 Ford F-150 with the 3.5L EcoBoost Engine towing a boat and trailer

2017

In 2017, the 2nd Generation 3.5L EcoBoost V6 turbocharged engine is introduced in Ford F-150 trucks. Power numbers increased substantially to 375 horsepower and 475 lb.-ft of torque. The 2nd Gen engine features a revised turbocharger design with electronic waste gates, a new fuel system, and other durability improvements. A high-output version of the 2nd Gen 3.5L EcoBoost engine becomes available on the new 2nd generation 2017 Ford Raptor. A new 10-Speed Automatic Transmission is also added.

2018 3.5L EcoBoost-powered Ford F150

2018

In 2018, Ford F-150 trucks with the 3.5L EcoBoost receive a big bump in towing capacity. 2018 Models can tow 1,000 lbs more than the previous 2017 model. 2018 models also received a freshened interior and exterior.

2019 Ford F-150 with the high-output 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine

2019

2019 Ford F-150s in the Limited trim package now come with the high-output 3.5L EcoBoost engine that boasts an impressive 450 horsepower and 510 lb-ft of torque.

2021 Ford F-150

2021

2021 marked some major changes for the 3.5L EcoBoost Engine. The standard 3.5L EcoBoost engine now produces 400 horsepower and 510 lb.-ft of torque. The 3.5L PowerBoost engine is also introduced, which is a hybrid variant of the 3.5L EcoBoost engine, offering impressive fuel economy and an array of capabilities never before seen on a Ford F-150. The 2021 Ford F-150 also had a significant body-style change this year.

3.5L EcoBoost Specs FAQs

Does the 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine use twin turbochargers?

Yes, the 3.5L EcoBoost utilizes a twin turbocharger design which is a major factor in these engines diesel-like performance characteristics.

How much horsepower does a 3.5L EcoBoost have?

Horsepower on a Ford F-150 with the 3.5L EcoBoost varies across model years.
2011-2016 Ford F-150s with the 3.5L EcoBoost engine produce 365 horsepower. 2017-2020 F-150s featuring the second generation standard output 3.5L EcoBoost engines produce 375 horsepower. 2017-2021 Ford F-150s equipped with the high-output 3.5L EcoBoost Engines provide 450 horsepower. Finally, 2021-2022 Ford F-150s with the standard output 3.5L EcoBoost engine produce 400 horsepower.

How much torque does a 3.5L EcoBoost Have?

Torque on a Ford F-150 with the 3.5L EcoBoost varies across model years.
2011-2016 Ford F-150s with the 3.5L EcoBoost engine produce 420 lb.-ft of torque. 2017-2020 F-150s featuring the second generation standard output 3.5L EcoBoost engines produce 470 lb.-ft. 2017-2021 Ford F-150s equipped with the high-output 3.5L EcoBoost Engines produce 510 lb.-ft of torque. Finally, 2021-2022 Ford F-150s with the standard output 3.5L EcoBoost engine produce 500 lb.-ft of torque.

How do you make a Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost Faster?

There are a number of Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost Performance Upgrades that allow you to increase horsepower, torque, fuel economy, and even speed. The most common Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost performance upgrade to increase speed and performance is tuning.

How much can a 3.5L EcoBoost-Equipped Ford F-150 Tow?

Early Ford F-150s with the 3.5L EcoBoost engine could tow 11,300 pounds. Today, in 2022, Ford F-150 trucks equipped with the 3.5L EcoBoost and Max Tow package can tow up to 14,000 pounds.

Learn More About the 3.5L EcoBoost Engine

Visit some of our other posts about this engine by clicking on the links below.

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