Ford F-150 2.7L EcoBoost V6 Engine Specs & Performance Guide

After years of success with the 3.5L EcoBoost V6 engine, Ford decided to expand their EcoBoost platform and introduce a new, smaller EcoBoost engine. This engine is known as the 2.7L EcoBoost V6 Turbocharged engine. Despite the smaller displacement, the 2.7L EcoBoost packs a punch and it delivers impressive performance specs in a compact package. In 2015 when it was introduced, it gave the 2015 Ford F-150 a whopping 325 horsepower and 375 lb.-ft of torque, numbers similar to many V8, naturally-aspirated engines of the same time period. It did this while vastly outdoing competitors larger, V8 engines and even the Ford F-150’s other powertrains when it comes to fuel economy. This is due to a number of the 2.7L EcoBoosts innovative features like twin turbocharging and direct fuel injection that help maximize the engines power-to-weight ratio.

Twin turbocharger system and direct fuel injection aren’t the only innovating features of the 2.7L EcoBoost however, as a plethora of other features and lightweight materials like a CGI block also had a tremendous impact on this engine’s success. The result is a very lightweight, compact engine that delivers tremendous fuel economy and performance out of a very small package. So much so, that the engine was labeled “Pocket Hercules” by Ford’s Engineers.

In this post, our Guide to the Ford F-150’s 2.7L EcoBoost V6 engine, we’ll go over this engine’s unique features and capabilities. We’ll Cover 2.7L EcoBoost Specs, Performance information, and Towing Capabilities. We’ll also differentiate between the different generations of the 2.7L EcoBoost engine. Let’s Dive in.

2.7L EcoBoost V6 Engine Specs
2.7l EcoBoost V6 Engine. Picture taken from Ford Media.

The 2.7L EcoBoost V6 Engine Meets the Ford F-150

The 2015 model year marked numerous changes for the Ford F-150. 2015 Ford F-150s benefitted from a redesigned exterior, a newly refined interior, and a new fully-boxed, ladder frame. Ford also introduced two new engines. One of these engines was the 3.5L Ti-VCT V6 Engine, which became the new standard powertrain for the F-150. The other, more exciting new engine was the 2.7L EcoBoost Turbocharged V6 engine.

The 2.7L EcoBoost brought a new level of fuel efficiency to Ford’s F-150 without compromising on capability. The 2015 Ford F-150 with the 2.7L EcoBoost, despite it’s small displacement and size, could tow up to 8,500 lbs and has a maximum payload of 2,250 lbs. This engine churns out 325 horsepower and 375 lb.-ft of torque, numbers similar to many larger displacement, naturally-aspirated engines. Best of all, the 2.7L EcoBoost provides fuel economy of up to 26 miles per gallon while on the highway, making it the most fuel efficient F-150 for 2015.

Since the 2.7L EcoBoost was introduced, it has underwent several revisions to improve reliability and overall performance. A second generation of the 2.7L EcoBoost was introduced in 2018 that featured some more major changes. We’ll go over those changes later in this post.

2015 Ford F-150
2015 Ford F-150. Picture Taken From Ford Media.

Ford 2.7L EcoBoost V6 Engine Specs

Engine Years2015-2022
Manufacturing PlantLima Engine Plant in Ohio
ApplicationsFord F-150
ConfigurationV6 DOHC
Displacement2.7 Liters (164 cubic inches)
Cylinder Bore3.27″
Cylinder Stroke3.27″
Compression Ratio
2015-2017
2018+
See Below
10.0:1
10.3:1
Firing Order1-4-2-5-3-6
Engine Block MaterialTwo-Piece Block using Compacted Graphite Iron for the
upper portion and aluminum for the bottom.
Cylinder Head MaterialAluminum
ValvetrainRoller Finger Follower
Ignition SystemCoil on Plug
Fuel System
2015-2017
2018+
See Below
Direct Fuel Injection
Twin-Port and Direct Fuel Injection
Air Delivery/AspirationTwin turbocharged and intercooled. Electronic wastegates were added in 2018+ models
Horsepower
2015-2017
2018+
See Below
325 Horsepower @ 5,750 rpm
325 Horsepower @ 5,000 rpm
Torque
2015-2016
2018-2020
2021+
See Below
375 lb.-ft @ 3,000 rpm
400 lb.-ft @ 2,750 rpm
400 lb.-ft @ 3,000 rpm
Recommended Fuel
(Standard Output)
Regular Unleaded
Engine Oil Capacity6 Quarts (5.7 Liters)
Engine Oil Type/Recommended Engine OilMotorcraft SAE 5W-30 Premium Synthetic Blend Motor Oil
XO-5W30-QSP
Recommended Engine Oil FilterMotorcraft FL-2062
Engine Air FilterMotorcraft FA-1883

2.7L EcoBoost Engine Design & Characteristics

Similar to the 3.5L EcoBoost Engine, the 2.7L EcoBoost uses a smaller displacement, direct fuel injection, and turbocharging to produce astounding performance and fuel efficiency out of a very small package. In fact, Ford coined the term “Pocket Hercules” for the 2.7L EcoBoost engine due to its impressive performance and smaller size. The similarities pretty much end there however, as the 2.7L EcoBoost engine is significantly different than the 3.5L EcoBoost and is made up of different parts and materials.

Here are some of the most important characteristics of the 2.7L EcoBoost engine.

Ford F-150 2.7L EcoBoost V6 Engine Specs And Engine Design
2.7L EcoBoost V6 Engine. Photo taken From Ford Media Website.

Two-Piece Engine Block

The 2.7L EcoBoost V6 engine uses a two-piece engine block design that increases durability while simultaneously reducing overall weight. The upper portion of the block is made of CGI, or Compacted Graphite Iron. CGI blocks are extremely durable, in fact, they’re used in the 6.7L Powerstroke Diesel engine and the 3.0L Powerstroke Diesel engine. Despite being a strong material, it’s also lightweight. The lower engine block is comprised of aluminum which further reduces the weight of this engine.

Direct Fuel Injection

Direct fuel injection is a key contributor to the 2.7L EcoBoost’s diesel-like performance. In direct fuel injection systems, fuel is sprayed in a precise pattern into the chamber during intake. It is here that fuel meets pressurized air before combustion occurs, creating a clean, more fuel-efficient combustion event. Direct fuel injection also removes the risk of detonation to occur.

Second Generation 2.7L EcoBoost Engines benefit from the addition of twin-port and direct fuel injection. In these style systems, two injectors are used. One is located on the intake port and the other is found within the cylinder. These two injectors work in tandem for even better fuel efficiency, power output, and it even helps reliability too.

Twin Turbochargers

The Twin Turbocharger design on the 2.7L EcoBoost is what makes this engine so capable out of such a tiny package. The twin turbo design recycles exhaust gases through their turbines, effectively pressurizing the air that is later introduced into the combustion chamber. Twin turbo set-ups also significantly reduce any kind of turbo lag compared to single turbocharger designs. This results in greater throttle response and instant power.

Weight-Savings to Optimize Power-To-Weight Ratio

When the 2.7L EcoBoost was introduced in 2015, the Ford F-150 also received an entirely new, all-aluminum exterior that reduced weight tremendously. This smaller EcoBoost continues the trend of weight reduction by incorporating materials that are lightweight, but still maintain long-term durability. The two piece engine block utilizes a CGI upper piece and an aluminum lower section. Aluminum cylinder heads also help reduce weight.

In addition to light-weight metals being used to reduce weight, Ford actually uses a composite material in the engine too. The intake system is largely made up of composite material for further weight savings. A composite oil pan also reduces weight. The end result of these and other features is a lighter engine and a lighter truck. This increases fuel efficiency and also helps acceleration.

Other 2.7L EcoBoost Engine Features

  • Auto Start-Stop Technology
  • Aluminum Cylinder heads with integrated, water-cooled exhaust manifolds.
  • Dual Overhead Camshafts (DOHC)
  • Ti-VCT/Twin Independent Variable Camshaft Timing
  • Reverse Flow Cooling System
  • Variable Displacement Oil Pump
  • Fractured Main Bearing Caps
  • Individual Position Cooling Jets
  • Offset I-Beam Connecting Rods

Ford F-150 2.7L EcoBoost Generations

Although the 2.7L EcoBoost engine has been around for less than a decade at the time I’m writing this, there have already been two variations of this engine. The first generation engine is used in 2015-2017 Ford F-150s. The second generation engine is present in 2018 and newer Ford F-150s.

1st Generation 2.7L EcoBoost

After the widespread success and popularity of the 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine, Ford released another EcoBoost engine that was smaller and provided even better fuel economy. This engine was the First Generation 2.7L EcoBoost V6 Engine. Just like the 3.5L EcoBoost, this engine utilizes direct fuel injection and twin turbochargers to provide a massive punch out of a small package. In fact, the power-to-weight ratio was so impressive with the new 2.7L EcoBoost, Ford called it the “Pocket Hercules”.

Unlike the 3.5L EcoBoost, the 2.7L EcoBoost Engine is smaller, and uses more lightweight materials to further reduce weight. The focus of this engine was to provide Ford F-150 owners with a more fuel efficient and lighter engine. To accomplish this, this engine uses a two-piece engine block with a CGI, or compacted graphite iron, upper block, and an aluminum lower block. Aluminum cylinder heads are also used to reduce weight. Ford even introduced a composite material in this engine in the intake system.

Despite the use of these more lightweight materials, the 2.7L EcoBoost engine has proven itself to be quite reliable and capable. The first generation engine was only used for a short period of time however, 2015-2017 Ford F-150s, before it was replaced in 2018 with the 2nd Generation engine.

Ford F-150 2.7L EcoBoost V6 Engine Specs And Engine Design

1st Gen 2.7L EcoBoost Engine Specs

Engine Years2015-2017
Manufacturing PlantLima Engine Plant in Ohio
ApplicationsFord F-150
ConfigurationV6 DOHC
Displacement2.7 Liters (164 cubic inches)
Cylinder Bore3.27″
Cylinder Stroke3.27″
Compression Ratio10.0:1
Firing Order1-4-2-5-3-6
Engine Block MaterialTwo-Piece Block using Compacted Graphite Iron for the
upper portion and aluminum for the bottom.
Cylinder Head MaterialAluminum
ValvetrainRoller Finger Follower
Ignition SystemCoil on Plug
Fuel SystemDirect Fuel Injection
Air Delivery/AspirationTwin turbocharged and intercooled
Horsepower 325 Horsepower @ 5,750 rpm
Torque375 lb.-ft @ 3,000 rpm
Recommended Fuel
(Standard Output)
Regular Unleaded
Engine Oil Capacity6 Quarts (5.7 Liters)
Engine Oil Type/Recommended Engine OilMotorcraft SAE 5W-30 Premium Synthetic Blend Motor Oil
XO-5W30-QSP
Recommended Engine Oil FilterMotorcraft FL-2062
Engine Air FilterMotorcraft FA-1883

1st Gen 2.7L EcoBoost Performance

Ford F-150s with the First Generation 2.7L EcoBoost V6 Engine produce 325 horsepower and 375 lb.-ft of torque. If you think about it, those are some pretty impressive numbers for such a small displacement V6 engine. In fact, these numbers are similar to many of the V8 engines used in competitor’s trucks in the same time period. Horsepower and torque numbers aren’t the only aspects of performance that matter though. The 2.7L EcoBoost also delivers impressive fuel economy and max towing specs.

First Generation 2.7L EcoBoost Performance Specs
Horsepower325 Horsepower @ 5,750 rpm
Torque375 lb.-ft of Torque @ 3,000 rpm

1st Generation 2.7L EcoBoost Fuel Economy (MPG)

High Horsepower and torque numbers weren’t necessarily the goal with this engine. Instead, its lightweight design was meant to provide excellent fuel economy and still meet the needs of truck owners. These engines really outshine competitors when it comes to fuel economy. When the 2015 Ford F-150 debuted with the 2.7L EcoBoost engine, it could get up to 26 miles per gallon on the highway.

Model Year F-150 with 2.7L EcoBoost EngineDrivetrainCity MPGHighway MPGCombined MPG
20154×2
4×4
19 mpg
18 mpg
26 mpg
23 mpg
22 mpg
20 mpg
20164×2
4×4
19 mpg
18 mpg
25 mpg
23 mpg
21 mpg
20 mpg
20174×2
4×4
19 mpg
18 mpg
26 mpg
23 mpg
22 mpg
20 mpg
FUELECONOMY.GOV EPA ESTIMATES. ACTUAL FUEL ECONOMY MAY VARY ACCORDING TO DRIVING CONDITIONS AND VEHICLE OPTIONS.

1st Generation 2.7L EcoBoost Towing Capacity & Payload Specs

The 2.7L EcoBoost’s twin turbocharging and direct fuel injection characteristics offer these trucks diesel-like performance when it comes to towing. Peak torque is reached relatively early at 3,000 rpm and largely maintained. Actual towing numbers are impressive for the Pocket Hercules as well. 2015-2017 Ford F-150s with the 2.7L EcoBoost engine can tow up to 8,500 lbs and max payload is up to 2,250 lbs.

Model YearDrivetrainMax Conventional Tow CapacityMax Payload
20154×2
4×4
8,500 lbs
8,400 lbs
2,250 lbs
2,160 lbs
20164×2
4×4
8,500 lbs
8,500 lbs
2,210 lbs
2,110 lbs
20174×2
4×4
8,500 lbs
8,500 lbs
2,210 lbs
2,110 lbs
** ACTUAL FIGURES FOR YOUR TRUCK MAY VARY. THESE NUMBERS ARE THE MAX AVAILABLE TOWING CAPACITY AND PAYLOAD WHEN THE TRUCK IS PROPERLY EQUIPPED WITH THE MAX TOW PACKAGE AND OTHER FEATURES TO HAVE THE MAX TOW CAPACITY POSSIBLE. YOUR TRUCK’S TOW CAPACITY AND PAYLOAD MAY VARY DEPENDING ON YOUR TRIM LEVEL AND OTHER VEHICLE OPTIONS.

2nd Generation 2.7L EcoBoost

Ford introduced the 2018 model year Ford F-150 with the second-generation 2.7L EcoBoost V6 engine. The upgraded engine received several updates, similar to the updates made to second-gen 3.5 EcoBoost engines. Key improvements made to the engine include combining port injection with direct fuel injection and a revised twin turbocharger design that utilizes an electrically controlled wastegate. Other improves like a new high-pressure EGR system, dual-chain camshaft drive system with lighter camshafts, and an electronic, variable displacement oil pump were also added. These improvements helped to reduce friction and ultimately make the 2nd Generation 2.7L EcoBoost V6 engine more reliable and capable than the outgoing generation.

Ford also introduced the 2nd Generation in tandem with the all new 10R80 Automatic 10-Speed Transmission. It further helped to improve responsiveness, performance, and fuel efficiency. The Ford F-150s other powertrains also benefitted from the addition of the 10-speed automatic transmission.

2nd Gen 2.7L V6 EcoBoost Engine
2nd Generation 2.7L EcoBoost V6 Engine. Photo taken from Ford.com

2nd Generation 2.7L EcoBoost Specs

Engine Years2018-2022
Manufacturing PlantLima Engine Plant in Ohio
ApplicationsFord F-150
ConfigurationV6 DOHC
Displacement2.7 Liters (164 cubic inches)
Cylinder Bore3.27″
Cylinder Stroke3.27″
Compression Ratio10.3:1
Firing Order1-4-2-5-3-6
Engine Block MaterialTwo-Piece Block using Compacted Graphite Iron for the
upper portion and aluminum for the bottom.
Cylinder Head MaterialAluminum
ValvetrainRoller Finger Follower
Ignition SystemCoil on Plug
Fuel SystemTwin-Port and Direct Fuel Injection
Air Delivery/AspirationTwin turbocharged and intercooled. Electronically-
actuated wastegate
Horsepower 325 Horsepower @ 5,000 rpm
Torque
2018-2020
2021+
See Below
400 lb.-ft @ 2,750 rpm
400 lb.-ft @ 3,000 rpm
Recommended Fuel
(Standard Output)
Regular Unleaded
Engine Oil Capacity6 Quarts (5.7 Liters)
Engine Oil Type/Recommended Engine OilMotorcraft SAE 5W-30 Premium Synthetic Blend Motor Oil
XO-5W30-QSP
Recommended Engine Oil FilterMotorcraft FL-2062
Engine Air FilterMotorcraft FA-1883

2nd Generation 2.7L EcoBoost Performance

Ford F-150s with the Second Generation 2.7L EcoBoost V6 Engine produce 325 horsepower and 400 lb.-ft of torque. Horsepower remained the same, however, it is reached earlier at 5,000 rpm instead of 5,750 rpm. Torque was also improved by 25 lb.-ft from 375 lb.-ft. While these numbers don’t sound significant, the improved fuel system, revised turbocharger design, and the addition of the new 10-speed transmission result in a significantly better drive, improved acceleration, and even improved fuel economy.

Second Generation 2.7L EcoBoost Performance Specs
Horsepower325 Horsepower @ 5,000 rpm
Torque
2018-2020
2021+
SEE BELOW
375 lb.-ft Torque @ 2,750 rpm
375 lb.-ft Torque @ 3,000 rpm

2nd Generation 2.7L EcoBoost Fuel Economy (MPG)

As with the first generation engine, high horsepower and torque aren’t the goals of this engine. Instead, Ford wants to deliver impressive performance out of a smaller engine and ultimately provide amazing fuel efficiency for F-150 customers without totally compromising on performance. That’s what this engine does. Second Generation engines accomplish this goal a little better than first generation engines, posting an average one mpg increase over the first generation.

Check out Second Generation 2.7L EcoBoost Fuel Economy and MPG in our chart below.

Model Year F-150 with 2.7L EcoBoost EngineDrivetrainCity MPGHighway MPGCombined MPG
20184×2
4×4
20 mpg
19 mpg
26 mpg
24 mpg
22 mpg
21 mpg
20194×2
4×4
20 mpg
19 mpg
26 mpg
24 mpg
22 mpg
21 mpg
20204×2
4×4
20 mpg
19 mpg
26 mpg
24 mpg
22 mpg
21 mpg
20214×2
4×4
20 mpg
19 mpg
26 mpg
24 mpg
22 mpg
21 mpg
20224×2
4×4
20 mpg
19 mpg
26 mpg
24 mpg
22 mpg
21 mpg

2nd Generation 2.7L EcoBoost Tow Capacity & Payload Specs

Ford F-150s with the Second Generation 2.7L EcoBoost V6 also offer high max tow capacity and payload specs than the first generation. 2018 Ford F-150s with this engine could tow 9,000 lbs, and improvement of 500 lbs over the 2017 model year with the 1st Gen engine. 2021 trucks could tow up to 10,000 lbs. Payload numbers are also higher, with the 2018 Ford F-150 2.7L EcoBoost being able to hold 2,470 lbs, compared to 2,210 lbs a year earlier in the 2017 Ford F-150.

Model YearDrivetrainMax Conventional Tow CapacityMax Payload
20184×2
4×4
9,000 lbs
9,000 lbs
2,470 lbs
2,110 lbs
20194×2
4×4
9,000 lbs
9,000 lbs
2,470 lbs
2,130 lbs
20204×2
4×4
9,000 lbs
9,000 lbs
2,470 lbs
2,110 lbs
20214×2
4×4
10,000 lbs
10,000 lbs
2,480 lbs
2,165 lbs
20224×2
4×4
10,000 lbs
10,000 lbs
2,480 lbs
2,165 lbs
** ACTUAL FIGURES FOR YOUR TRUCK MAY VARY. THESE NUMBERS ARE THE MAX AVAILABLE TOWING CAPACITY AND PAYLOAD WHEN THE TRUCK IS PROPERLY EQUIPPED WITH THE MAX TOW PACKAGE AND OTHER FEATURES TO HAVE THE MAX TOW CAPACITY POSSIBLE. YOUR TRUCK’S TOW CAPACITY AND PAYLOAD MAY VARY DEPENDING ON YOUR TRIM LEVEL AND OTHER VEHICLE OPTIONS.

2.7L EcoBoost Key Generational Differences

The Second Generation 2.7L EcoBoost Engine improved upon an already great engine with a number of common-sense that were similarly added to the 2nd Generation 3.5L EcoBoost engine. Instead of simply using direct fuel injection, a new twin-port and direct fuel injection system is used, which helps reduce carbon accumulation and does a better job at keeping the intake system clean. Revised Turbochargers were also added that utilize an electronic wastegate.

Other 2nd Generation 2.7L EcoBoost Features that aren’t found on 1st Generation engines include:

  • paired with the 10-speed 10R80 Automatic Transmission
  • high-pressure EGR system
  • dual-chain camshaft drive system with lighter camshafts
  • electronic, variable displacement oil pump

Overall, the 2nd Generation 2.7L EcoBoost V6 engine offers greater durability, performance specs, and fuel economy than first generation engines.

Ford F-150 2.7L EcoBoost Changes by Model Year

2015 Ford F-150 2.7L EcoBoost

2015 Ford F-150 2.7L EcoBoost

In 2015, the 2.7L EcoBoost V6 turbocharged engine is introduced to the 2015 Ford F-150 featuring a 6-speed automatic transmission. These trucks produce 325 horsepower and 375 lb.-ft of torque and could get up to 26 miles per gallon on the highway. The impressive power-to-weight ratio led Ford to call this engine the “Pocket Hercules”.

2016 Ford F-150

2016 Ford F-150 2.7L EcoBoost

2016 marked minor changes for the Ford F-150. 2016 Ford F-150s with the 2.7L Ecoboost gained a new Pro-Trailer Backup Assist system and a few new trims and special packages were added.

2017 Ford F-150 XLT with the 2.7L EcoBoost V6 Engine

2017 Ford F-150 2.7L EcoBoost

2017 was the last year of the First Generation 2.7L EcoBoost engine. A new STX Appearance package and new Sync Connect System for XLT and above trims is added. Lightning Blue, Avalanche, and White Gold are new color offerings.

2018 Ford F-150 2.7L EcoBoost

2018 Ford F-150 2.7L EcoBoost

2018 Ford F-150s received both interior and exterior styling updates. In addition, 2018 was the year that the 2nd Generation 2.7L EcoBoost engine is introduced, replacing the first generation engine. 2nd Gen 2.7L EcoBoosts benefit from a redesigned fuel system, updated turbocharger design, and a new partnership with the 10R80 10-Speed Automatic Transmission.

2019 Ford F-150

2019 Ford F-150 2.7L EcoBoost

Minor Improvements were made to 2019 Ford F-150s with the 2.7L EcoBoost. Ford Leveling Kits are introduced.

2020 Ford F-150 2.7l Ecoboost

2020 Ford F-150 2.7L EcoBoost

No major mechanical improvements were made in 2020. Three new color packages were added including Iconic Silver, Rapid Red Metallic Tinted Clear Coat, and Star White Metallic Tri-Coat. New Driver Assist technologies were added.

2021 Ford F-150 2.7L EcoBoost

2021 Ford F-150 2.7L EcoBoost

2021 Ford F-150s received a number of updates. A totally redesigned interior and exterior were introduced. 2021+ Ford F-150s with the 2.7L EcoBoost engine received improvements that give them both a higher tow capacity and better fuel economy.

2022 Ford F-150

2022 Ford F-150 2.7L EcoBoost

2022 was a year plagued by supply chain issues as well as the production start of the 2022 Ford F-150 Lightning. Little or no changes occurred this year.

2.7L EcoBoost FAQs

How much horsepower does the Ford F-150 2.7L EcoBoost Have?

2015-2022 Ford F-150s with the 2.7L EcoBoost V6 engine have 325 horsepower.

How much torque does the Ford F-150 2.7L EcoBoost Engine Have?

First Generation 2.7L EcoBoosts in the 2015-2017 Ford F-150 have 375 lb.-ft of torque. Second Generation Engines found in 2018 and newer Ford F-150s have 400 lb.-ft of torque.

How much can a Ford F-150 with the 2.7L EcoBoost V6 Engine Tow?

2.7L EcoBoost-powered Ford F-150s could tow up to 8,500 pounds when properly equipped in First Generation models. Second Generation 2.7L EcoBoost engines can tow up to 10,000 pounds when properly equipped. Check your owner’s manual or Ford’s resources for the most accurate towing information on your vehicle.

How long will the 2.7L EcoBoost V6 engine last?

2.7L EcoBoost engines can last quite a long time when they are properly taken care of. Many people have exceeded 100,000 miles in these trucks without a major mechanical failure.

Is the 2.7L EcoBoost reliable?

The 2.7L EcoBoost engine is a reliable engine thanks to its robust design. That being said, the sophistication of twin turbocharging when compared to a naturally-aspirated engine does leave the opportunity for more expensive repairs and more parts to break. We think the greater fuel economy, drivability, and performance are well worth it though.

How do you make the Ford F-150 with the 2.7L EcoBoost Engine Faster?

Ford F-150 2.7L EcoBoost performance can be increased in a number of different ways. Tuning provides the biggest performance gains and improves throttle response and acceleration greatly.

What Type of Oil Does the 2.7L EcoBoost V6 engine require when found in the Ford F-150?

Motorcraft SAE 5W-30 Synthetic Blend Motor Oil.
1-Quart Motocraft Part #XO-5W30-Q1SP
5-Quart Motorcraft Part #XO5W305Q3SPFord F-150 2.7L EcoBoost V6 Engine Oil

Learn More About the 2.7L EcoBoost Engine

Check Out Some of our Other 2.7L EcoBoost Posts by clicking on the links below!

  • Comprehensive Guide to Ford F-150 2.7L EcoBoost Maintenance
  • Best Ford F-150 2.7L EcoBoost V6 Performance Upgrades
  • Most Common 2.7L EcoBoost Problems
  • 1st Generation 2.7L EcoBoost V6 Engine Guide
  • 2nd Generation 2.7L EcoBoost V6 Engine Guide
  • 2.7L EcoBoost Vs. 3.5L EcoBoost

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1st Generation Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Turbocharged Engine

In 2011, Ford made a dramatic change to the Ford F-150’s Powertrain. They added a new, smaller displacement V6 engine that featured twin turbochargers and direct fuel injection. This engine, the 1st Generation 3.5L EcoBoost engine, provided greater fuel economy, tow capacity, and even just overall drivability when compared to the big, bulky, naturally-aspirated v8 engines found in the same time period.

Since the 3.5L EcoBoost was added in 2011, it continues to dominate other half-ton powertrains by consistently offering the highest, or near the highest, tow capacity, fuel economy, and performance characteristics against its competitors. Today, the 3.5L EcoBoost Engine has even been modified to be a hybrid engine known as the 3.5L PowerBoost Engine. A high-output 3.5L EcoBoost engine is also present in the high-performance Ford Raptor.

While these newer 3.5L EcoBoost engine variants are very exciting, in this post, we’re going to focus on where it all started, the First Generation 3.5L EcoBoost. We’re going to cover 1st Gen 3.5L EcoBoost specs, engine design, and performance information. We’ll also go into detail about the common problems associated with 1st Gen 3.5L EcoBoost engines, and how to maintain these engines to limit the amounts of problems you have.

First Generation 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Turbocharged Engine
Photo taken from Ford Media. 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine

The EcoBoost Engine Meets the F-150

In the late 2000s and early 2010s, Truck manufacturers were beginning to feel the heat from EPA to produce more efficient and cleaner vehicles. Even diesel trucks were being mandated to be more efficient as we began to see the emergence of Diesel Exhaust Fluids, Diesel Particulate Filters, and EGR systems. Ford’s response was a smaller displacement V6 engine that incorporated twin turbochargers and direct fuel injection. The result was a powerful, fuel efficient, and capable engine that provides diesel-like performance. This was the 1st Generation 3.5L EcoBoost engine and it met the Ford F-150 in 2011. This first generation EcoBoost engine continued to be used in F-150 trucks until 2017, when the 2nd Generation 3.5L EcoBoost engine replaced it.

2011 Ford F-150 with the 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine
Photo taken from Ford Media

1st Generation 3.5L EcoBoost Specs

Engine Years2011-2016
ApplicationsFord F-150
Configuration60-Degree V6 DOHC
Displacement3.5 Liters (213 cubic inches)
Cylinder Bore3.64″
Cylinder Stroke3.41″
Compression Ratio10.0:1
Firing Order1-4-2-5-3-6
Engine Block MaterialAluminum
Cylinder Head MaterialAluminum
ValvetrainDirect acting mechanical bucket (Polished Buckets)
Ignition SystemCoil on Plug
Fuel System
2011-2016
See Below
High Pressure Direct Fuel Injection
Air Delivery/AspirationTwin turbocharged and intercooled.
Horsepower (Standard Output)365 Horsepower @ 5,000 rpm
Torque420 lb.-ft @ 2,500 rpm
Recommended FuelRegular Unleaded
Engine Oil Capacity6 Quarts (5.7 Liters)
Engine Oil Type/Recommended Engine OilMotorcraft SAE 5w-30 Synthetic Blend XO-5W30-Q1SP
Recommended Engine Oil FilterMotorcraft FL-500-S

1st Generation 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine Highlights

Ford’s First Gen 3.5L EcoBoost engine features a v6 configuration and DOHC, or Dual Overhead Camshaft, design. Twin Independent Variable Cam Timing (Ti-VCT) gives greater control over these dual Camshafts which improves fuel efficiency and performance. Other key engine design elements include a Direct-Acting Mechanical Bucket valve train that uses polished buckets, cast exhaust manifolds, durable manifold and cylinder heads, and pistons with optimized bowls to improve combustion efficiency.

The two greatest contributors to the EcoBoost’s impressive performance are the twin turbochargers and direct fuel injection. These two features contribute to the 3.5L EcoBoost engines diesel-like performance and make it the ideal gasoline-sipping towing machine. Up to 90% of peak torque is reached at only 1,700 rpm, with peak torque being reached at only 2,500 rpm. Torque is maintained all the way up to 5,000 rpm.

2011 Ford F-150 1st Generation 3.5L EcoBoost Torque Curve. Photo taken from the 2011 Ford F-150 Dealer Brochure.

Twin Turbochargers & Intercooler

A key characteristic of the EcoBoost engine is a set of Twin BorgWarner K03 turbochargers. These turbochargers recycle exhaust gases through their turbines which in turn pressurizes the air that mixes with fuel in the combustion chamber. The result is greater power and performance. Even after the EcoBoost engine is turned off, the turbo’s cooling system works to eliminate coking.

Direct Fuel Injection

The First Gen EcoBoost also uses direct fuel injection, which is often utilized in Diesel truck applications. Fuel is precisely sprayed in a pattern into the chamber during intake. Here, the fuel meets pressurized air before combustion occurs. This provides clean, fuel-efficient operation.

Key Characteristics of the 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine:

  • Cast Exhaust Manifolds
  • Partnered with the 6-Speed 6R80 Automatic Transmission
  • Direct-Acting Mechanical Bucket valve train with polished buckets (DAMB)
  • High-Pressure direct fuel injection fed by a common rail
  • Twin Turbochargers & Charge Air Cooler (Intercooler)
  • Pistons with optimized bowls to improve efficiency during combustion
  • Twin-independent variable camshaft timing (Ti-VCT)
  • Improved manifold & Cylinder Heads
  • Intake and exhaust camshafts optimized for improved fuel economy and performance

1st Generation 3.5L EcoBoost Performance

Ford F-150s with the new EcoBoost engine came off the lot boasting an impressive 365 horsepower and 420 lb.-ft of torque. Those were some pretty staggering numbers, especially since the EcoBoost is a small V6 engine. Only the F-150’s 6.2L V8 Engine produced greater power at 411 horsepower and 434 lb.-ft of torque. It came at a much higher cost however, as it averaged much lower fuel economy.

Performance isn’t just about horsepower and torque though. In this section, we will look at the First Gen 3.5L EcoBoost’s towing capabilities and fuel economy too.

2015 Ford F-150 with the 1st Generation 3.5L EcoBoost Engine
2015 Ford F-150. Photo taken from Ford Media.

Tow Capacity

Model YearDrivetrainMax Conventional
Towing Capacity
20114×2
4×4
11,300 lbs
20124×2
4×4
11,300 lbs
20134×2
4×4
11,300 lbs
20144×2
4×4
11,300 lbs
20154×2
4×4
12,100 lbs
11,900 lbs
20164×2
4×4
12,200 lbs
12,000 lbs
Tow Capacity varies depending on Cab configuration and options selected. Check your owner’s manual or other resources from Ford to determine your actual max tow capacity. The numbers listed above are the max tow capacities with the high output towing models.

Fuel Economy (MPG)

Model YearDrivetrainCity MpgHighway MpgCombined Mpg
20114×2
4×4
16 mpg
15 mpg
22 mpg
21 mpg
18 mpg
17 mpg
20124×2
4×4
16 mpg
15 mpg
22 mpg
21 mpg
19 mpg
17 mpg
20134×2
4×4
16 mpg
15 mpg
22 mpg
21 mpg
18 mpg
17 mpg
20144×2
4×4
16 mpg
15 mpg
22 mpg
21 mpg
18 mpg
17 mpg
20154×2
4×4
17 mpg
17 mpg
24 mpg
23 mpg
20 mpg
19 mpg
20164×2
4×4
17 mpg
16 mpg
24 mpg
22 mpg
20 mpg
18 mpg
Tow Capacity varies depending on Cab configuration and options selected. Check your owner’s manual or other resources from Ford to determine your actual max tow capacity. The numbers listed above are the max tow capacities with the high output towing models.

Performance Upgrades

Thanks to direct fuel injection and turbocharging the 3.5L EcoBoost is one of the easiest gasoline engines to upgrade for greater performance. You can add horsepower or torque to your 1st Gen 3.5L EcoBoost relatively easily through a number of different products. We’ll list some of our favorites here.

#1 Tuning

Tuning provides the most efficient means off adding power to your First Generation 3.5L EcoBoost. 1st Generation 3.5L EcoBoost tuning is available in the form of box tunes or custom tuning. Box tunes like those found in the AutoMind 2 programmer give you moderate power gains while also focusing on maintaining reliability. Custom tuning allows you to get custom made tunes that factor in all of the other modifications your vehicle has too. They provide higher gains and can be rebuilt after you’ve added other mods too.

Just keep in mind, by tuning your vehicle you may be voiding your warranty. We recommend waiting until your manufacturer warranty is expired to modify your truck.

Banks AutoMind 2 Programmer

Banks Power AutoMind 2 Programmer/Tuner

The Banks Power AutoMind 2 Programmer provides moderate gains, maintains reliability, and has an incredible amount of research and engineering behind it. Banks Power released their own Dyno results showing this tuner can increase power in your First Gen EcoBoost by up to 50 horsepower and 50 lb.-ft of torque.

Bully Dog BDX Tuner

Bully Dog’s BDX Tuner comes with preloaded tunes on the device but also offers custom tuning capabilities. The BDX/SCT platform is widely preferred amongst performance tuning companies who specialize in 3.5L EcoBoost Tuning. Tunes can be delivered over the cloud when connected to Wi-Fi, removing the need for a computer to upload tunes. This 3.5L EcoBoost Tuner also comes with data parameter monitoring capabilities.

#2 Cold Air Intakes

Cold Air Intakes are another First Gen 3.5L EcoBoost Upgrade that is relatively inexpensive but offers decent gains. They provide your engine with colder, denser air that results in greater horsepower, torque, and even fuel economy.

Banks Ram Air Intake

Banks Ram Air Intake System

Banks Power also makes a dyno-proven Cold Air Intake system known as the Banks Ram Air Intake System. It helps provide Cooler, Denser air to your engine. This is opposite of many intake systems that take in hot, power-robbing engine air that can actually negatively impact performance. This CAI system is up to 64.6% less restrictive than the stock system.

First Generation 3.5L EcoBoost S&B Cold Air Intake

S&B Cold Air Intake

The S&B Cold Air Intake also provides better performance than the stock system and makes filter maintenance easy. A clear sight glass is visible from the top, making it easy to know when it’s time for service.

#3 Intercoolers

Intercoolers are a great upgrade for First Gen 3.5L EcoBoost engines. Not only do they help solve the intercooler moisture problem in these engines, but they can also provide better performance.

2011-2014 Mishimoto 3.5L EcoBoost Intercooler Kit

Mishimoto Intercooler Kit for the 2011-2014 Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost

Mishimoto’s Performance Intercooler Kit is a direct fit for 2011-2014 EcoBoost-equipped Ford F-150s. It helps solve the Condensation problem found in these trucks while also reducing Air Intake Temperatures and reducing restrictions.

Visit our 7 Best 3.5L EcoBoost Performance Upgrades post for more information on how to increase performance and torque on these specific trucks!

1st Generation 3.5L EcoBoost Problems (2011-2016 Ford F-150)

Carbon Accumulation

One of the more nominal problems found in the First Gen 3.5L EcoBoost is Carbon Accumulation. The Direct fuel injection system inserts fuel directly into the cylinder, but because no fuel is washing over the intake valves, it can lead to carbon accumulation. When carbon accumulation is bad enough it can cause poor engine performance and power loss. This issue was largely corrected in 2nd Generation EcoBoost Engines because a Twin-Port fuel system was added.

How to Fix It

While carbon accumulation will occur, every truck is different and you may not suffer from any negative performance during the ownership of your vehicle. That being said, there are methods developed by the aftermarket industry to reduce carbon accumulation. You do this by utilizing a catch can. Catch Cans route blow-by away from your intake and valves and accumulate it in a catch can. After a base line is established, you can empty the catch at certain intervals. This will help keep your intake system clean.

Mishimoto Baffled Oil Catch Can Kit

Mishimoto’s Baffled Oil Catch Can Kit is built specifically for your truck and includes a mounting kit for DIY installation.

If you have an older EcoBoost engine and it’s too late, a professional shop can walnut blast carbon away. This should be done by a shop however, as it is important to do it right. Stay away from DIY induction system cleaners. They can which can cause more harm than good and lead to expensive repairs.

In 2nd Generation EcoBoost Engines a Twin-Port fuel system was added that corrected this issue.

PCV Hose Valve Cover Adaptor

The PCV Hose Valve Cover Adaptor is a First Gen 3.5L EcoBoost problem that occurs mainly in 2013-2015 Ford F-150s. The factory design is faulty and when this problem occurs, you will often experience blue or white smoke from the exhaust. These signs are especially visible after extended periods of idling.

How to Fix It

Simply Replace the stock PCV Hose Valve Cover Adaptor with the redesigned one. The part number is Ford HL2Z-6762-A.

Intercooler Condensation

If you don’t live in a humid environment you may never experience this problem. Intercooler condensation is a 3.5L EcoBoost problem that is experienced in 2011-2012 model year Ford F-150s. Basically, moisture may be trapped in the intercooler in humid operating conditions. Symptoms of intercooler condensation include engine misfiring, intermittent stumbling, or even trouble codes appearing. Symptoms usually occur after high engine load due to heavy towing or acceleration and extended highway driving. If you don’t live in a humid environment, you might never experience this issue in your 2011-2012 Ford F-150.

How to Fix It

This design flaw was fixed in later model F-150s due to a redesigned charge air cooler, or intercooler, being used. To fix 2011-2012 EcoBoost-powered F-150s however you can either follow Ford’s TSB and install a redesigned deflector on the bottom of the intercooler, or you can purchase a new aftermarket intercooler.

If you opt to use the OEM fix, take your truck to a dealer so they can isolate the problem to the intercooler specifically. This is explained in the TSB and should be done to make sure your truck is not suffering from other problems.

If you decide to replace your intercooler, there are several options that provide an improved design and greater durability than the OEM unit. They actually can increase performance and provide you with cooler, denser air too!

2011-2014 Ford F-150 Aftermarket Intercoolers

2011-2014 Mishimoto 3.5L EcoBoost Intercooler Kit

Mishimoto Performance Intercooler Kit

Mishimoto’s Performance Intercooler Kit fixes the Intercooler Condensation problem found in Early 3.5L EcoBoost engines while simultaneously reducing IAT temperatures and improving performance.

Calibration Problems

All new engines require tweaks and kinks to be worked out after release. The 3.5L EcoBoost is no different. Numerous calibrations were required after release to work out bugs and different engines with these engines. If you are experiencing issues with your truck a good place to start is making sure your truck is equipped with the latest software.

1st Gen Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost Changes By Model Year

2011 Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost

2011 Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost

In 2011, the Ford F-150 is introduced, sporting the First Generation 3.5L EcoBoost Engine.

2012 Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost

2012 Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost

36 Gallon tank is made standard for 4×4 3.5L EcoBoost-Equipped F-150s. Drivetrain upgrades are made for upper trim levels. 4×4 models can now be flat-towed. Updates are also made to the Ford Sync system.

2013 Ford F-150 Limited

2013 Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost

Harley Davidson Trim is removed and the Limited Trim is added. Unlike the Harley Davidson that was exclusively available with the 6.2L V8 engine, the 2013 Ford F-150 Limited is available with the 3.5L EcoBoost engine.

2014 Ford F-150 Tremor Edition

2014 Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost

Last Year of the Ford F-150 featuring steel exterior panels and this body style. New 2014 Ford F-150 Tremor edition featuring the 3.5L EcoBoost engine is introduced.

2015 Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost

2015 Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost

The 2015 Ford F-150 received an overhaul. An all new aluminum exterior was introduced, making these trucks up to 700 lbs lighter than 2014 Ford F-150s. This helps fuel economy and acceleration. A new fully-boxed frame is also introduced. Ford also introduces the 2.7L EcoBoost engine, also called “Pocket Hercules”.

2016 Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost

2016 Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost

3.5L EcoBoost Engine was used in the Ford F-150. 2016 Ford F-150s with the 3.5L EcoBoost engine gained towing technology in the form of Ford’s Pro Trailer Backup Assist. Ford’s entertainment system is upgraded to a new Ford Sync3 system. New interior and exterior styling options are also added.

1st Generation Ford F-150 Maintenance Basics

Maintaining Ford F-150s with the First Generation 3.5L EcoBoost engine isn’t difficult. You can easily complete most of the tasks at home. If you are the owner of a First Gen 3.5L EcoBoost engine, it would be wise to stock up on some of the filters and fluids you will need to complete maintenance on your truck. Here are some of the service intervals you will need to follow, in addition to the basic parts and fluids you will need.

Maintenance Intervals (Normal Operating Conditions)

TasksMilesKilometers
Change Engine Oil/Filter5,000-10,000 miles8,000-16,000 kilometers
Change Cabin Air Filter20,000 miles32,000 kilometers
Replace Engine Air Filter30,000 miles48,000 kilometers

Common 3.5L EcoBoost Parts, Filters and Fluids

Part TypePart #/Affiliate Links
Engine Oil FilterMotorcraft FL-500-S
Engine OilMotorcraft SAE 5w-30 Synthetic Blend Motor Oil
XO-5W30-5Q3SP
Engine Air FilterMotorcraft FA-1883
Cabin Air Filter
(2015-2016)
Motorcraft FP-92
Transmission Filter (6R80)Motorcraft FT-188
Transmission Inlet Filter (6R80)Motorcraft FT-138
Transmission Fluid (6R80)Motorcraft Mercon LV Automatic Transmission Fluid
XT-10-QLVC

Find out more maintenance information in our Comprehensive 3.5L EcoBoost Maintenance Guide.

1st Generation Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost FAQs

What Model Years of the F-150 use the First Generation 3.5L EcoBoost?

2011-2016 Ford F-150s have the First Gen 3.5L EcoBoost Engine.

How much horsepower and torque does the First Generation 3.5L EcoBoost have?

First Generation 3.5L EcoBoost engines in the Ford F-150 produce 360 horsepower and 420 lb.-ft of torque.

What Fuel Economy do 2011-2016 Ford F-150s with the First Gen 3.5L EcoBoost get?

2011-2014 Ford F-150s with this engine could get as much as 16 mpg in the city and 22 mpg on the highway, for a combined average of 19 mpg. 2015-2016 model years with the aluminum body can get as much as 17 mpg in the city and 24 mpg on the highway, for a combined average of 20 mpg.

Which engine is better, the first generation 3.5L EcoBoost or the second generation 3.5L EcoBoost?

While both EcoBoost engines have been wildly successful and popular, we prefer Second Generation 3.5L EcoBoost engines due to their greater power and reliability. They worked many of the kinks and minor issues out in the Second variation of this engine.

How many quarts of oil does the First Gen 3.5L EcoBoost engine take?

6 Quarts

How much could the First Generation 3.5L EcoBoost Tow?

Up to 12,200 lbs could be towed in 2016 Ford F-150s with the 3.5L EcoBoost engine when properly equipped.

Photo taken from Ford Media.

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Ford F-150 3.5L Ecoboost V6 Engine Specs & Performance Information

Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine Specs & Performance Information

At the turn of 2010, stricter fuel economy and emissions standards in pickup trucks began to take effect. Traditional, naturally-aspirated V8 engines began to struggle to meet these emissions and fuel economy standards, while also offering limited performance figures. In response to these standards, Ford created the innovative EcoBoost engine platform that provided lower emissions, better fuel economy, and even greater capabilities. The 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Turbocharged engine was introduced to the Ford F-150 pickup truck in 2011 offering an impressive 365 horsepower and 420 lb.-ft of torque and it hasn’t left the F-150 lineup since. In fact, they are one of Ford’s best selling powertrains and are used in a number of other vehicle applications like the Ford Expedition and the Ford Explorer. They’ve also continued to improve the Ford F-150’s 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine Performance Specs, Fuel Economy, and Tow Ratings since then.

Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost Engine Specs
3.5L EcoBoost Engine. Picture Taken from the Ford Media Website.

Since the 3.5L EcoBoost’s introduction into the Ford F-150 pickup truck, it has been modified to provide higher performance figures, and today, there is even a Hybrid variation of this engine, coined the 3.5L PowerBoost Hybrid V6 Engine. There are also “High-Output” 3.5L EcoBoost engines that are used in 2019 F-150 Limited models and the Ford Raptor. In this post, we’ll cover the various variations of the 3.5L EcoBoost Engine, along with this engine’s design characteristics, performance specs, and even fuel economy too.

Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost Performance

In a time when Big V-8 Engines were all the rage, the V6 EcoBoost Engine rattled the pickup truck industry. 2011 Ford F-150 pickup trucks with the 3.5L EcoBoost engine provided the best tow capacity, payload, and second highest torque amongst F-150 Powertrains. They actually provided better than tow capacity than every V-8 Half-ton pickup out there as well! In our next sections, we’ll go over how the EcoBoost engine was able to accomplish these feats.

2020 Ford Raptor 3.5L EcoBoost
Ford Raptor with the 3.5L V6 EcoBoost Engine. Picture taken from Ford Media.

Engine Design And Characteristics

The 3.5L EcoBoost Engine utilizes a smaller V-6 configuration and a Dual Overhead Camshaft or DOHC design. Twin Independent Variable Cam Timing, otherwise known as Ti-VCT, allows greater control over the camshafts, resulting in improved fuel efficiency and power.

Other key contributors to the 3.5L EcoBoost’s performance include twin turbochargers and direct fuel injection. This combination creates superior low-end torque that is maintained across a huge rpm range, similar to a Diesel engine. Peak torque is reached at 2,500 rpm, however, up to 90% of peak torque is available at only 1,700 rpm. This diesel-like performance also comes at a cheaper price, as 3.5L EcoBoost maintenance and operation is relatively inexpensive compared to diesel engines. This helps make the 3.5L EcoBoost the premier gasoline powertrain for towing. In fact, even today in 2022, the 3.5L EcoBoost engine continues to be the tow capacity leader amongst F-150 Powertrains.

Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Performance Specs

When the 3.5L V6 EcoBoost entered the F-150 lineup, it was originally mated to the 6-speed 6R80 automatic transmission. In 2017, it was paired with an advanced 10-speed automatic transmission, known as the 10R80. 3.5L PowerBoost Hybrid engines, Ford’s latest hybrid variation of the 3.5L EcoBoost, utilizes the 10R80 with an additional 35-kilowatt (47-horsepower) electric motor integrated into the transmission.

10-Speed Automatic Ford F-150 Transmission

3.5l EcoBoost Engine Specs

Engine Years2011-2022
Generations
1st Generation
2nd Generation
PowerBoost Hybrid
See Below
2011-2016
2017-2022
2021+
ApplicationsFord F-150 & Ford Raptor
Configuration60-Degree V6 DOHC
Displacement3.5 Liters (213 cubic inches)
Cylinder Bore3.64″
Cylinder Stroke3.41″
Compression Ratio
2011-2016 Standard Output
2017-2022 Standard Output
2017-2022 High Output
See Below
10.0:1
10.5:1
10.0:1
Firing Order1-4-2-5-3-6
Engine Block MaterialAluminum
Cylinder Head MaterialAluminum
Valvetrain
2011-2016
2017+
See Below
Direct acting mechanical bucket
Roller Finger Follow
Ignition SystemCoil on Plug
Fuel System
2011-2016
2017+
See Below
High Pressure Direct Fuel Injection
Twin-Port and Direct Fuel Injection
Air Delivery/AspirationTwin turbocharged and intercooled. Electronic wastegates were added in 2017+ models
Horsepower (Standard Output)
2011-2016
2017-2020
2021+
See Below
365 Horsepower @ 5,000 rpm
375 Horsepower @ 5,000 rpm
400 Horsepower @ 6,000 rpm
Horsepower (High Output)
2017-2022 Raptor
2019-2020 Limited
450 Horsepower @ 5,000 rpm
Torque
2011-2016
2017-2020
2021+
See Below
420 lb.-ft @ 2,500 rpm
470 lb.-ft @ 2,500 rpm
500 lb.-ft @ 3,100 rpm
Torque (High Output)
2017-2022 Raptor
2019-2020 Limited
510 lb.-ft @ 3,500 rpm
Recommended Fuel
Standard Output Engines
High-Output Engines
See Below
Regular Unleaded
Premium Unleaded
Engine Oil Capacity6 Quarts (5.7 Liters)
Engine Oil Type/Recommended Engine OilMotorcraft SAE 5w-30 Synthetic Blend XO-5W30-Q1SP
Recommended Engine Oil FilterMotorcraft FL-500-S

Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine Generations

Generation 1 (2011-2016)

The first generation 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine was introduced in Ford F-150 trucks in 2011. It became an instant success due to its astounding performance and fuel economy. Despite being a smaller engine, the 3.5L EcoBoost V6 engine outperformed most V-8 engines used in both the F-150 and competitors trucks in the same time period. It also really shined when towing, offering owners diesel-like performance. Two major contributors to the EcoBoost’s performance include a set of BorgWarner K03 turbochargers and direct fuel injection.

As with any initial powertrain offering, the First Generation 3.5L EcoBoost had to have some kinks worked out. Despite this, they’re still favorable powertrains amongst Ford F-150 owners. Visit our 3.5L EcoBoost Problems post for the most common issues found on these trucks.

1st Generation 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine
3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine

Other key features of the first generation 3.5L EcoBoost V6 engines include:

  • Cast Exhaust Manifolds for maximum durability
  • Paired with the 6-Speed 6R80 Automatic Transmission
  • DAMB (Direct-Acting Mechanical Bucket valve train with polished buckets
  • High-Pressure direct fuel injection fed by a common rail
  • Pistons with optimized bowls to improve efficiency during combustion
  • Twin-independent variable camshaft timing (Ti-VCT)
  • Improved manifold & Cylinder Heads

1st Generation Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Performance Attributes

Years2011-2016
Transmission6R80 6-Speed Automatic Transmission
Horsepower365 Horsepower @ 5,000 Rpm
Torque420 lb.-ft @ 2,500 Rpm
Max Tow Capacity
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
See Below
11,300 lbs
11,300 lbs
11,300 lbs
11,300 lbs
12,200 lbs
12,200 lbs
Max Payload
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
See Below
3,060 lbs
3,100 lbs
3,100 lbs
3,100 lbs
3,270 lbs
3,240 lbs
Fuel Economy (City, Highway, Combined)
2011-2014
2015-2016
See Below
16 Mpg, 22 Mpg, 18 Mpg
17 Mpg, 24 Mpg, 20 Mpg
1st Generation Ford F-150 with the 3.5L EcoBoost Engine

Generation 2 (2017-2021)

The second generation 3.5L EcoBoost engine was introduced in 2017. In addition to a revamped motor, these trucks also gained a new 10-speed automatic transmission, known as the 10R80. 2017 Ford F-150 with the second generation 3.5L EcoBoost engine gained 10 more horsepower and 50 lb.-ft more torque than 2016 First generation engines. Fuel economy also improved 1 MPG on 4×2 models, and 2 MPG on 4×4 Models.

2nd Generation Ford Raptor with the 2nd Generation 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine
2nd Generation 2020 Ford Raptor equipped with the High-Output 3.5L EcoBoost Engine. Photo taken from Ford Media.

While the numbers show the improved performance, 2017 EcoBoost owners also received other benefits that are not quite as obvious on paper. Acceleration, Reliability, and overall driving experience were all improved. The second generation also has better low-end and peak performance, resulting in better towing performance.

Key 2nd Generation 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine Changes

2nd Generation 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine Infographic
Infographic taken from the Ford Media Website.
Twin-Port and Direct Injection Fuel System

An important contributor to better performance and reliability on the 2nd Generation 3.5L EcoBoost engine is a re-designed fuel system. A new twin-port and direct injection fuel system was introduced. In this type of fuel system, two injectors are used per cylinder. One injector Is located on the intake port where air is introduced to the cylinder, and the other is positioned within the cylinder. These two injectors work together and ultimately result in greater efficiency, lower emissions, and more power. It also aids in reliability by reducing carbon build-up.

Updated Twin-Turbocharger System

Another significant contributor to the second generation 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engines updated performance specs include a new BorgWarner turbocharger system. The updated design provides greater boost. In addition, a new, lighter turbine wheel is used that is made of high-temperature, super ally Mar-M-247. This turbine wheel upgrade increased responsiveness. An electronic waste gate was also added to the new turbocharger setup.

Weight Reduction & Durability Improvements

Ford’s newer aluminum body panels aren’t the only way they tried to reduce weight to improve performance. The 2nd Gen 3.5L EcoBoost engine features a variety of lighter, but more durable components. Hollow camshafts are used in the newly designed roller-finger valvetrain that remove as much as four pounds of weight. The Valvetrain was also updated with the addition of more durable intake and exhaust valves. Hydraulic valve-lash adjusters were also introduced that optimize engine durability throughout the trucks lifetime.

The 3.5L EcoBoost’s lower end was also improved. An upgraded crankshaft, bearing system, and more stout connecting rod undercuts provide greater durability to support all that new power. A Dual-Chain cam drive was also added providing greater simplicity and simultaneously reducing NVH (Noise, Vibration, and Harshness) of the engine.

Auto Start-Stop

2nd Generation Versions of this engine also benefit from lower CO2 emissions and sometimes better fuel economy thanks to a new Auto Start-Stop standard feature. Idle times are decreased because the engine is shut off when the vehicle is at a stop during normal driving operation. This feature is disabled when towing or in 4WD.

New High-Output Engine

In addition to the introduction of the new 3.5L Ecoboost engine in 2017, Ford also unveiled the 2017 Ford Raptor. It boasted significantly better performance characteristics including more horsepower/torque and fuel economy. This was in large part to a modified 2nd Generation 3.5L EcoBoost that was coined the “high-output” model. 2017+ Ford Raptors come standard with the 2nd Generation 3.5L EcoBoost High-Output engine that produces 450 horsepower and 510 lb.-ft of torque.

Later, 2019 Ford F-150 Limited models were also given the high-output 3.5L Ecoboost engine providing greater performance specs for luxury truck customers.

2nd Generation Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Performance Attributes

Years2017+
Transmission10R80 10-Speed Automatic Transmission
Horsepower
Standard Output 2017-2020
Standard Output 2021-2022
High Output (2017 + Raptor & 2019-2020 Limited)
See Below
375 Horsepower @ 5,000 rpm
400 Horsepower @ 6,000 rpm
450 Horsepower @ 5,000 rpm
Torque
Standard Output 2017-2020
Standard Output 2021-2022
High Output (Raptor + 2019-2020 Limited)
See Below
470 lb.-ft @ 2,500 rpm
500 lb.-ft @ 3,100 rpm
510 lb.-ft @ 3,500 rpm
Max Tow Capacity (Standard F-150s only)
2017
2018
2019
2019 High-Output (Limited Models)
2020
2020 High-Output (Limited Models)
2021
2022
See Below
12,200 lbs
13,200 lbs
13,200 lbs
11,100 lbs
13,200 lbs
11,100 lbs
14,000 lbs
14,000 lbs
Max Payload (Standard F-150s only)
2017
2018
2019
2019 High-Output (Limited Models)
2020
2020 High-Output (Limited Models)
2021
2022
See Below
3,220 lbs
3,230 lbs
3,230 lbs
1,520 lbs
3,230 lbs
1,520 lbs
3,250 lbs
3,250 lbs
Fuel Economy (City, Highway, Combined)
2017-2019
2020
2021-2022
See Below
18 Mpg, 25 Mpg, 21 Mpg
17 Mpg, 23 Mpg, 19 Mpg
18 Mpg, 24 Mpg, 20 Mpg
** FOR FORD RAPTOR Towing and fuel economy specs, visit our Ford Raptor Guide.

3.5L PowerBoost Hybrid (A Hybrid 3.5L EcoBoost Engine)

In 2021, Ford released the 2021 Ford F-150 equipped with a new 3.5L PowerBoost Hybrid Engine. Essentially, it is a 3.5L EcoBoost engine with an added 35-kilowatt, or 47 horsepower, electric motor integrated into a 10-speed transmission. This engine produces a whopping 430 horsepower and 570 lb.-ft of torque. This is the highest torque offered in an F-150 yet, and it translates into more pulling power. 2021 Ford F-150 trucks with the 3.5L PowerBoost engine can tow up to 12,700 pounds when equipped with the max trailering package. Fuel Economy is also very impressive, offering almost similar fuel economy to the 3.0L Powerstroke Diesel engine available in the 2021 Ford F-150 too.

Graphic taken from the Ford Media Website.

3.5L PowerBoost Specs

Years2021+
Transmission10-Speed Modular Hybrid Transmission
Horsepower430 Horsepower @ 6,000 rpm
Torque570 lb.-ft @ 3,000 Rpm
Max Tow Capacity
2021
2022
See Below
12,700 lbs
12,700 lbs
Max Payload
2021
2022
See Below
2,120 lbs
2,120 lbs
Fuel Economy (City, Highway, Combined) *
2021
2022
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25 Mpg, 26 Mpg, 25 Mpg
25 Mpg, 25 Mpg, 25 Mpg
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3.5L PowerBoost Emblem on 2021 Ford F-150 Driver's Side Door Panel
2021 Ford F-150 Door Panel with the PowerBoost Emblem. Photo Taken From Ford Media Website.

Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Major Model Year Milestones

2011

Ford F-150 is introduced with the 1st Generation 3.5L EcoBoost V6 engine offering impressive performance specs, fuel economy, and tow ratings.

2015 Ford F-150 Frame and Body

2015

In 2015, Ford F-150 trucks received a new body-style made from high-strength, military-grade aluminum alloy to reduce weight. These trucks also contain an improve fully boxed ladder frame that uses more high-strength steel than previously. All together up to 700 lbs of weight was removed, giving the 2015 Ford F-150 trucks with the 3.5L EcoBoost engine greater towing and payload specs, while simultaneously helping acceleration, fuel economy, and stopping times.

2017 Ford F-150 with the 3.5L EcoBoost Engine towing a boat and trailer

2017

In 2017, the 2nd Generation 3.5L EcoBoost V6 turbocharged engine is introduced in Ford F-150 trucks. Power numbers increased substantially to 375 horsepower and 475 lb.-ft of torque. The 2nd Gen engine features a revised turbocharger design with electronic waste gates, a new fuel system, and other durability improvements. A high-output version of the 2nd Gen 3.5L EcoBoost engine becomes available on the new 2nd generation 2017 Ford Raptor. A new 10-Speed Automatic Transmission is also added.

2018 3.5L EcoBoost-powered Ford F150

2018

In 2018, Ford F-150 trucks with the 3.5L EcoBoost receive a big bump in towing capacity. 2018 Models can tow 1,000 lbs more than the previous 2017 model. 2018 models also received a freshened interior and exterior.

2019 Ford F-150 with the high-output 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine

2019

2019 Ford F-150s in the Limited trim package now come with the high-output 3.5L EcoBoost engine that boasts an impressive 450 horsepower and 510 lb-ft of torque.

2021 Ford F-150

2021

2021 marked some major changes for the 3.5L EcoBoost Engine. The standard 3.5L EcoBoost engine now produces 400 horsepower and 510 lb.-ft of torque. The 3.5L PowerBoost engine is also introduced, which is a hybrid variant of the 3.5L EcoBoost engine, offering impressive fuel economy and an array of capabilities never before seen on a Ford F-150. The 2021 Ford F-150 also had a significant body-style change this year.

3.5L EcoBoost Specs FAQs

Does the 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine use twin turbochargers?

Yes, the 3.5L EcoBoost utilizes a twin turbocharger design which is a major factor in these engines diesel-like performance characteristics.

How much horsepower does a 3.5L EcoBoost have?

Horsepower on a Ford F-150 with the 3.5L EcoBoost varies across model years.
2011-2016 Ford F-150s with the 3.5L EcoBoost engine produce 365 horsepower. 2017-2020 F-150s featuring the second generation standard output 3.5L EcoBoost engines produce 375 horsepower. 2017-2021 Ford F-150s equipped with the high-output 3.5L EcoBoost Engines provide 450 horsepower. Finally, 2021-2022 Ford F-150s with the standard output 3.5L EcoBoost engine produce 400 horsepower.

How much torque does a 3.5L EcoBoost Have?

Torque on a Ford F-150 with the 3.5L EcoBoost varies across model years.
2011-2016 Ford F-150s with the 3.5L EcoBoost engine produce 420 lb.-ft of torque. 2017-2020 F-150s featuring the second generation standard output 3.5L EcoBoost engines produce 470 lb.-ft. 2017-2021 Ford F-150s equipped with the high-output 3.5L EcoBoost Engines produce 510 lb.-ft of torque. Finally, 2021-2022 Ford F-150s with the standard output 3.5L EcoBoost engine produce 500 lb.-ft of torque.

How do you make a Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost Faster?

There are a number of Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost Performance Upgrades that allow you to increase horsepower, torque, fuel economy, and even speed. The most common Ford F-150 3.5L EcoBoost performance upgrade to increase speed and performance is tuning.

How much can a 3.5L EcoBoost-Equipped Ford F-150 Tow?

Early Ford F-150s with the 3.5L EcoBoost engine could tow 11,300 pounds. Today, in 2022, Ford F-150 trucks equipped with the 3.5L EcoBoost and Max Tow package can tow up to 14,000 pounds.

Learn More About the 3.5L EcoBoost Engine

Visit some of our other posts about this engine by clicking on the links below.

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